Climate change resulting from global warming has caused an increase in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events that include storms, tornadoes and droughts. As a result, there is an increased risk in Brazil of landslides, floods and flash floods. In this context, the Ministry of Science and Technology created the National Monitoring and Warning Centre for Natural Disasters (CEMADEN), whose mission is to issue reliable warnings and perform actions/measuring with a view to protecting communities as well as public and private property, based on meteorological, hydrological and geotechnical data from varied sources.
For CEMADEN to function properly, it is essential that Brazilian experts in areas related to forecasting and monitoring extreme hydro-meteorological and geo-dynamic events should visit international advanced centres in the field. Thus, the EU-Brazil Sector Dialogues Support Facility is backing a mission abroad to exchange information with experts of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), an institution of international renown, and the visit to Brazil of JCR experts to carry out scientific studies.
The main results expected of this action include: the technical development of the public agents who will work at CEMADEN; the development of methods to identify, model, monitor and forecast floods, flash floods, droughts and soil moisture, with an emphasis on the use of remote sensing; promote inter-institutional cooperation between Brazil and the EU; reduce casualties and material losses in natural disasters, thanks to greater precision in the warnings issued by CEMADEN.
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