This action aims to strengthen of Brazil’s capacity to respond to chemical emergencies and provide greater knowledge of how plans are structured and coordinated in European countries that have succeed in these efforts. The exchange of information between Brazil and the European Union on procedures and guidelines adopted by the Europeans in cases of possible emergencies is considered valuable technical input, which will enable insights into different approaches and instances of success. This action follows up on one already held under the 4th Call.
In response to such risks, Brazil’s government, under the coordination of the Ministry of Environment, created the National Plan for the Prevention, Preparedness and Rapid Response to Environmental Emergencies with Dangerous Chemicals (P2R2), the objectives of which are to prevent the occurrence of accidents with hazardous chemicals and improve the system of preparedness and response to chemical emergencies in the country.
The P2R2 is a policy that operates basically along three lines of action: prevention of environmental accidents with hazardous chemicals; the preparedness of public agents, the private sector and communities to cope with the impacts; and the control and containment the chemicals involved in an accident, in the form of a quick response. This action, sponsored by the EU-Brazil Sector Dialogues Support Facility, relates to the stage "preparedness" of the P2R2 cycle and focuses on the planning and coordination of actions and activities to be carried out by all actors involved in the management of a chemical emergency.
The key to this step is to build and consolidate the "Emergency Action Plans (EAPs) with Hazardous Chemicals" at government level. This is a document setting out guidelines, powers and responsibilities of the public institutions involved in responses to environmental emergencies involving chemicals, addressing all stakeholders and clearly defining responsibilities and duties.
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