The final report of the project "Domestic Violence Against Women: Full justice and assessment of the effectiveness of FRIDA (Brazil's Risk Assessment and Life Protection Form)" aims at monitoring the implementation of FRIDA in Brazil and evaluate the working of universal justice in cases of domestic violence. The report was conducted by the Commission for the Protection of Fundamental Rights of the National Council of Prosecution Services (CDDF/CNMP), chaired by counsellor Valter Shuenquener, and is now available for public consultation.
The document is divided into four major points. The first is an introduction to the work done. The second, in turn, is composed of three parts which discuss the importance of risk assessment in cases of domestic violence against women and describe some previous activities carried out to promote FRIDA, such as its presentation in 15 Brazilian states. It also covers the use of the form by the Call 180 Helpline (Ligue 180).
The third point of the report presents FRIDA's monitoring proposal. And, finally, the fourth introduces the issue of specialised courts, including the examples of Spain and the United Kingdom as two countries where specialist domestic violence courts have been established, and the provision, in Brazil, of a hybrid jurisdiction established by Law 11.340/2006 - Maria da Penha Law - for cases of family and domestic violence against women.
This report is the result of the cooperation of technical scientific experts from Brazil and the European Union, namely, Wânia Pasinato, sociologist and independent consultant specialized in public policies to address gender-based violence and violence against women, and Professor Manuel Lisboa and Ana Lúcia Teixeira, sociologists and researchers of the National Observatory of Violence and Gender (ONVG/CICS.NOVA) of the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, both hired by the EU-Brazil Dialogues.
FRIDA helped begin a conversation between CNJ and CNMP and ended up inspiring the creation of the current National Form for Domestic Violence Risk Assessment. The form was created by the Joint Resolution CNJ-CNMP n. 5/2020, with some slight differences from the original version of FRIDA.
The text of this joint resolution takes into consideration, among other things, the Technical Cooperation Term no. 43/2018, signed between the CNMP, the CNJ and the Ministry of Human Rights, aiming at a joint implementation of the form. It also includes the work developed by the Commission for the Protection of Fundamental Rights (CDDF/CNMP), in partnership with the European Union, through the EU-Brazil Dialogues Facility.
For counsellor Valter Shuenquener, this international cooperation, accomplished with the support of the EU-Brazil Dialogues, is a real demonstration of how Brazil and the EU member states are united in solving serious issues such as family and domestic violence.
According to Shuenquener, the Dialogues are essential because they allow the identification, "in the international context, of a form of institutional experimentation applicable to the Brazilian reality, besides exporting good national practices to European partners."
In the preface of the study, the CNMP counsellor also emphasized that the creation of FRIDA was a learning opportunity to better understand instruments used in Europe which can be adjusted to the Brazilian reality. Similarly, good practices developed in Brazil can also drive improvements in European countries.
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